Thursday, August 27, 2020
Mrs. Dalloway - Essay Example Love, writing and life are demonstrated to be inseparably connected together in this novel composed by a lady who was conceived in a scholarly family, whose house was an asylum for the imaginatively disposed, and who wedded a man of letters. In Mrs Dalloway, Septimus Warren Smith, Clarissa Dalloway, Peter Walsh and Sally Seton are, notwithstanding the entirety of their tribulations, sufficiently compensated by their affection for letters. In spite of the fact that Richard Dalloway is no peruser, his patent love for his significant other and his anxiety for her onetime admirer, underscores his humankind and reclaims his spirit. Characters like Sir William Bradshaw, Lady Bruton and Hugh Whitbread, for all their material flourishing are believed to need profound beauty since they, best case scenario, do close to attempt to control language for their own finishes. At the opening of the novel, Clarissa Dalloway takes upon herself the errand of purchasing blossoms for the gathering at her home on the grounds that the hirelings would have bounty on their hands. It is a wonderful June morning- new as though gave to youngsters on a beach(5) and Clarissa's contemplations stream back to when she was eighteen and maybe enamored with Peter Walsh who was infatuated with her: Considering among the vegetables- - was that it- - I like... , she overlooked which, for his letters were dreadfully dull; it was his maxims one recollected; his eyes, his folding knife, his grin, his cantankerousness and, when a large number of things had completely evaporated - how abnormal it was!- - a couple of truisms like this about cabbages. (5-6) It had been expected at the time that Peter would 'compose'- that he would proceed to be an essayist yet he brightly uncovers to Sally Seton toward the finish of the novel that he had expressed Not a word! (207). Be that as it may, he had consistently been a decent and sensible peruser, and a decent and prudent pundit of life and letters and people, just as a magnificent conversationalist. It was his private anguish that, in light of the fact that Clarissa had dismissed him, he had succumbed to all an inappropriate ladies and ruined his life, yet all things considered, toward the finish of the novel, the very sight of Clarissa from a far distance fills him with phenomenal energy (215). One character who appears to live more in the thin universe of letters than regarding genuine life is the moderately youthful Septimus Warren Smith whose respectable psyche has been broken by the passing of a cherished companion next to him in the war. The world fills him with misgiving, and compassionately we feel, which is all well and good: Septimus Warren Smith, matured around thirty, pale-confronted, snout nosed, wearing earthy colored shoes and a decrepit jacket, with hazel eyes which had that look of dread in them which makes total outsiders uncertain as well. The world has raised its whip; where will it drop (17) Septimus lives in his very own universe populated by his own tensions and fears and by the voices and sounds that address him and to him just, and which he feels constrained to record: Men must not chop down trees. There is a God. (He noted such disclosures on the backs of envelopes.) Change the world. Nobody executes
Saturday, August 22, 2020
How to Write a Compare and Contrast PaperHow to write a compare and contrast paper is crucial to write a great paper that will be noticed by your instructor or reader. When the professor or reader reads your paper, they will notice what you wrote. The most important part of writing a paper is to always write about what you know, not what you do not know. Knowing something is different than doing something.When writing about a subject that you do not know, you are placing yourself in danger of sounding uninformed. If your professor asks you to write about your work as a house cleaner, you can simply refer to the titles of the books on the floor. You will know what books are on the floor if you know where to look for them. If your professor asked you to write about the activities that you performed while on vacation, you could write about what you did while on vacation.Describe your experiences. Not only should you be able to tell the story of what you did, but you must be able to expl ain why you did it. If you cannot explain why you did it, it is no longer valuable. Write in an objective manner. Avoid choosing terms that are inappropriate to your essay.Writing a compare and contrast paper does not have to be difficult. All you need to do is write with an open mind. Write about what you know, not what you do not know. The instructor or reader will appreciate this and look at your essay as a reflection of you as a person. Your teacher will know that you spent the time to research the information you needed to write about in your essay and you will not feel like you had an easy time writing your compare and contrast paper.Facts are facts. The fact is the basis of all knowledge. Do not attempt to use a specific event in your life as a basis for presenting an argument, just as you would not attempt to include a date in your poetry. If you have taken the class you are writing for and the instructor asks you to cite the sources of your information, you should be able t o mention the book, article, or source you used to support your facts. This may be the time when you realize that the teacher really does not want you to use your common knowledge as an example.A better approach is to cite the source you used and state your opinion in a logical order. Always remember that if you cannot cite a source, it is your responsibility to explain what you mean and why you believe it. You may be surprised how many people fail to provide any explanation for their opinions when they are required to cite sources.Make sure that your factual statements are supported by other sources. A great way to do this is to take information from several different sources and present it in a way that makes sense to the reader. Instead of stating that you went to graduate school in a class that did not exist, state that you attended a graduate school in a school that did not exist. This is much more interesting and the professor will appreciate the effort.How to write a compare and contrast paper is quite simple if you write it in an open and logical manner. You need to write in an objective manner so that the professor will not be tempted to be too critical of you. A well-written essay will make your instructor smile and recognize the efforts you made to research the information you needed to give your compare and contrast paper.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Break Free of a Nimbostratus Seven days after my cast has been evacuated, I remain solitary on the footbridge in Knight's Park, inclining my weight on the railing, looking down at a lake I could stroll around in under five minutes. The water underneath me has a flimsy layer of ice on top, and I consider dropping rocks through it, yet I don't have the foggiest idea why, particularly since I have no stones. Indeed, even still, I need to drop shakes through the ice so gravely, to cut it, demonstrating that it is frail and brief, to see the dark water underneath ascend and out of the gap only i will have made. I consider the concealed fish Ã¢â¬ generally those huge goldfish individuals stock the lake with so elderly people men will have something to take care of in spring and young men will have something to get in the mid year Ã¢â¬ fish currently tunneled in the mud at the base of the lake. Or on the other hand are these fish tunneling at this time? Will they hold up until the lake freezes totally? Here's an idea: I'm similar to Holden Caulfield considering ducks, just I'm thirty-five years of age and Holden was a young person. Possibly the mishap thumped my mind again into young person mode? Some portion of me needs to move up onto the railing and bounce off the scaffold, which is just ten yards in length, just three feet over the lake; some portion of me needs to get through the ice with my feet, to plunge down, down, down into the mud, where I can rest for quite a long time and disregard all I presently recollect and know. Some portion of me wishes I never recovered my memory, that I despite everything had that bogus would like to stick to Ã¢â¬ that I despite everything had in any event the possibility of Nikki to keep me pushing ahead. At the point when I at last gaze upward from the ice and toward the soccer fields, I see that Tiffany has acknowledged my challenge to meet, much the same as Cliff said she would. She is just two inches tall out yonder, wearing a yellow ski top and a white coat that covers the vast majority of her thighs, making her seem as though a wingless holy messenger developing and developing Ã¢â¬ and I watch her pass the swing sets and the enormous structure with outdoor tables inside. I watch her stroll along the water's edge until she at long last contacts her standard tallness, which is five feet and a couple of inches tall. At the point when she steps onto the footbridge, I promptly look down at the flimsy layer of ice once more. Tiffany strolls over to me and stands so her arm is practically contacting mine, however not exactly. Utilizing my fringe vision, I see that she also is currently looking down at the slim layer of ice, and I wonder in the event that she likewise wishes she could drop a few rocks. We stand like this for what appears to be 60 minutes, neither of us saying anything. My face gets freezing, until I can no longer feel my nose or ears. At long last, without taking a gander at Tiffany, I state, Ã¢â¬Å"Why didn't you go to my birthday party?Ã¢â¬ which is an idiotic inquiry to present as of now, I understand, yet I can't consider whatever else to state, particularly since I haven't seen Tiffany for a long time Ã¢â¬ not since I shouted at her on Christmas Day. Ã¢â¬Å"My mother said she welcomed you. So for what reason didn't you come?Ã¢â¬ After a long delay, Tiffany says, Ã¢â¬Å"Well, similar to I said in my letter, your sibling took steps to slaughter me on the off chance that I reached you. Additionally, Ronnie went to my home the day preceding your gathering and precluded me to go. He said they never ought to have presented us in the first place.Ã¢â¬ I had just conversed with Jake about his risk, yet I make some hard memories envisioning Ronnie saying something like this to Tiffany. But then I realize Tiffany is coming clean. She appears to be truly harmed and helpless at the present time, particularly in light of the fact that she is kind of biting on her base lip as though it were a bit of gum. Without a doubt Ronnie said these words against Veronica's desires. His better half could never let him state something so possibly self image harming to Tiffany, and the idea of Ronnie shielding Tiffany from going to my gathering makes me somewhat pleased with my closest companion, particularly since he conflicted with his significant other's desires to ensure me. Ã¢â¬Å"Bros B4 HosÃ¢â¬ is the thing that Danny said to me each time I would regret Nikki, back when we were both in the awful spot Ã¢â¬ before he had that subsequent activity. In craftsmanship treatment class, Danny even made me a little banner with the words written in polished gold letters, which I held tight the divider space between my bed and my flat mate Jackie's Ã¢â¬ back in the awful spot Ã¢â¬ yet one of the underhanded medical caretakers brought Danny's work of art down when I was not in the room, a reality Jackie affirmed by squinting and slamming his head against his shoulder. Despite the fact that I understand the expression is kind of chauvinist (since men ought not allude to ladies as hos), saying Ã¢â¬Å"Bros B4 HosÃ¢â¬ in my brain now kind of makes me grin, particularly since Ronnie is my best brother in New Jersey, presently that Jake and Danny live in PA. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm heartbroken, Pat. Is that what you need to hear? All things considered, I'll state it once more, I'm outrageously screwing sorry.Ã¢â¬ Even however Tiffany utilizes the f-word, her voice kind of quivers like Mom's the point at which she says something she really means, and it makes me believe that Tiffany may really begin crying right here on the extension. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm a spoiled individual who no longer realizes how to speak with my loved ones. Be that as it may, I implied all that I let you know in my letter. On the off chance that I were your Nikki, I would have returned to you on Christmas Day, however I'm not Nikki. I know. Furthermore, I'm sorry.Ã¢â¬ I don't have a clue what to state accordingly, so we remain there for a long time, saying nothing. Unexpectedly Ã¢â¬ for some insane explanation Ã¢â¬ I need to reveal to Tiffany the consummation of the film, the one that was my previous lifestyle. I figure she should know the consummation, particularly since she had a featuring job. And afterward the words are spilling out of me. Ã¢â¬Å"I chose to defy Nikki, just to tell her I recollect what occurred between us however don't hold any feelings of spite. My sibling drove me to my old house in Maryland, and things being what they are, Nikki is as yet living there, which I thought was kind of peculiar, particularly since she has another me Ã¢â¬ this person Phillip who works with Nikki as a kindred English instructor and constantly used to consider me an ignorant jokester since I never used to peruse abstract books,Ã¢â¬ I state, forgetting about the part about my choking and punching exposed Phillip when I got him in the shower with Nikki, Ã¢â¬Å"and in the event that I were Phillip, I presumably would not have any desire to live in my better half's ex's home, since that is simply kind of unusual, right?Ã¢â¬ Tiffany doesn't utter a word when I stop, so I simply continue talking. Ã¢â¬Å"When we drove down my old road, it was snowing, which is somewhat more uncommon in Maryland and subsequently a serious deal to little children. There was just perhaps a half inch on the ground Ã¢â¬ a cleaning Ã¢â¬ yet enough to gather up in your grasp. I saw Nikki outside with Phillip, and they were playing with two kids Ã¢â¬ by the hues every wa wearing, I calculated the one in naval force blue was a young man and the one for the most part in peach was a considerably more diminutive young lady. After we moved by, I advised Jake to circle the square and park the vehicle a large portion of a traffic light away so we could watch Nikki's new family play in the day off. My old house is on a bustling road, so we weren't probably going to draw Nikki's consideration. Jake did as I asked and afterward slaughtered the motor however left the windshield wipers on so he could see. I moved down my window, as I was in the secondary lounge as a result of my cast, and we viewed the family play for quite a while Ã¢â¬ so long that Jake at last began the vehicle back up and turned on the warmth since he was excessively cold. Nikki was wearing the long green-and-white-striped scarf I used to wear to Eagles games, an earthy colored animal dwellingplace coat, and red gloves. Her strawberry fair hair hung openly from under her green cap, such huge numbers of twists. They were having a snowball battle; Nikki's new family was having a wonderful snowball battle. You could tell the children adored their dad and mom, and the dad cherished the mother, and the mother cherished the dad, and the guardians adored the kids Ã¢â¬ as they all hurled the snow at one another so affectionately, alternating pursuing one another, giggling and falling into each other's vigorously packaged bodies, and Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I stop here in light of the fact that I am experiencing difficulty getting the words out of my throat. Ã¢â¬Å"And I squinted hard attempting to see Nikki's face, and even from a street or two away I could tell she was grinning the entire time and was so extremely upbeat, and by one way or another that was sufficient for me to formally end separated time and roll the credits of my film without facing Nikki, so I just asked Jake to drive me back to New Jersey, which he did, in light of the fact that he is most likely the best sibling in the whole world. So I surmise I simply need Nikki to be cheerful, regardless of whether her glad life does exclude me, since I got my opportunity and I was anything but an awesome spouse and Nikki was an incredible wife, and Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I need to delay once more. I swallow a few times. Ã¢â¬Å"And I'm simply going to recollect that scene as the upbeat consummation of my previous lifestyle's film. Nikki having a snowball battle with her new family. She looked so glad Ã¢â¬ and her new spouse, and her two youngsters Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I quit talking in light of the fact that no more words will come out. Maybe the virus air has just solidified my tongue and throat Ã¢â¬ as though the virus is spreading down into my lungs and is freezing my chest from the back to front. Tiffany and I remain on the extension for quite a while. Despite the fact that my face is numb, I start to feel a glow in my eyes, and unexpectedly I understand I am kind of crying once more. I wipe my eyes and nose with my jacket sleeve, and afterward I am crying. Just when I complete the process of crying does Tiffany at long last talk, in spite of the fact that she doesn't discuss Nikki. Ã¢â¬Å"I got you a birthday present, however it's not a lot. What's more, I didn't wrap it or get you a card or anything, since, well Ã¢â¬ ¦ in light of the fact that I'm your messed up companion who doesn't purchase cards or wrap presents. What's more, I know it's over a month late, yet anyway Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ She removes her gloves, fixes a couple of catches, and pulls my present from within pocket of her jacket. I tak
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Rafael LeÃ ³nidas Trujillo Molina (October 24, 1891-May 30, 1961) was a military general who seized power in the Dominican Republic and ruled the island from 1930 to 1961. Known as the Little Caesar of the Caribbean, he is remembered as one of the most brutal dictators in Latin Americas history. Fast Facts: Rafael Trujillo Known For: Dictator of the Dominican RepublicAlso Known As: Rafael LeÃ ³nidas Trujillo Molina, Nicknames: El Jefe (The Boss), El Chivo (The Goat)Born: October 24, 1891 in San CristÃ ³bal, Dominican RepublicDied: May 30, 1961 on a coastal highway between Santo Domingo and Haina in the Dominican RepublicParents: JosÃ © Trujillo Valdez, Altagracia Julia Molina ChevalierÃ Key Accomplishments:Ã While his regime was rife with corruption and self-enrichment, he also undertook the modernization and industrialization of the Dominican RepublicSpouse(s): Aminta Ledesma Lachapelle, Bienvenida Ricardo MartÃ nez, and MarÃ a de los Angeles MartÃ nez AlbaFunÃ Fact: The merengue song Mataron al Chivo (They Killed the Goat) celebrates the assassination of Trujillo in 1961 Early Life Trujillo was born of mixed-race ancestry to a lower-class family in San CristÃ ³bal, a town on the outskirts of Santo Domingo. He began his military career during the U.S. occupation of the Dominican Republic (1916-1924) and was trained by U.S. marines in the newly formed Dominican National Guard (eventually renamed the Dominican National Police). Generalissimo Rafael L. Trujillo (left), Commander -in-Chief of the Dominican Republic armed forces, reviews a complement of the US Destroyer Norfolk, during a recent visit of the warship here. The nation declared a special holiday in honor of the visiting personnel, who in turn were invited to inspect the thirty naval vessels of the Dominican navy. Bettmann / Getty Images Rise to Power Trujillo eventually rose to Chief of the Dominican National Police, all the while engaging in shady business deals related to the purchase of military food, clothes and equipment, from which he began to amass wealth. Trujillo demonstrated a ruthless tendency to remove enemies from the army, place allies in key positions, and consolidate power, which is how he became the commander-in-chief of the army by 1927. When President Horacio VÃ ¡zquez fell ill in 1929, Trujillo and his allies saw an opening to prevent Vice President Alfonseca, who they considered to be an enemy, from assuming the presidency. Trujillo began to work with another politician, Rafael Estrella UreÃ ±a, to seize power from VÃ ¡zquez. On February 23, 1930, Trujillo and Estrella UreÃ ±a engineered a coup that eventually resulted in both VÃ ¡zquez and Alfonseca resigning and ceding power to Estrella UreÃ ±a. However, Trujillo had designs on the presidency himself and after months of intimidation and threats of violence toward other political parties, he assumed the presidency with Estrella UreÃ ±a as vice president on August 16, 1930. The Trujillo Agenda: Repression, Corruption and Modernization Trujillo proceeded to murder and jail his opponents after the election. He also established a paramilitary force, La 42, designed to persecute his opponents and generally instill fear in the population. He exerted full control over the islands economy, establishing monopolies over salt, meat and rice production. He engaged in blatant corruption and conflicts of interest, forcing Dominicans to buy staple food products distributed by his own companies. By rapidly acquiring wealth, Trujillo was eventually able to push out owners across various sectors, such as insurance and tobacco production, forcing them to sell to him. Vice-President Richard M. Nixon and General Rafael L. Trujillo of the Dominican Republic (right) exchange warm greetings on Nixons arrival in Ciudad Trujillo, March 1st. The visit to the Dominican Republic marked the next-to-last stage of Nixons good Will tour of Latin America. During an official motorcade through the city, Nixon was cheered by some 15,000 schoolchildren. Streets were decked with U.S. and Dominican flags. Bettmann / Getty Images He also issued propaganda proclaiming himself as the savior of a previously backward country. In 1936 he changed the name of Santo Domingo to Ciudad Trujillo (Trujillo City) and began to erect monuments and dedicate street names to himself. Despite the vast corruption of Trujillos dictatorship, his fortunes were closely tied to the Dominican economy, and thus the population benefitted as his government went about modernizing the island and undertaking infrastructure and public works projects, such as improving sanitation and paving roads. He was particularly successful in pushing industrialization, creating industrial plants for the production of shoes, beer, tobacco, alcohol, vegetable oil, and other products. Industries enjoyed special treatment, like protection from labor unrest and foreign competition. Sugar was one of Trujillos largest ventures, particularly in the post-war era. Most of the sugar mills were owned by foreign investors, so he set about buying them up with state and personal funds. He used nationalist rhetoric to back up his agenda of taking over foreign-owned sugar mills. At the end of his reign, Trujillos economic empire was unprecedented: he controlled nearly 80% of the countrys industrial production and his firms employed 45% of the active labor force. With 15% of the labor force employed by the state, this meant that 60% of the population depended on him directly for work. Although Trujillo ceded the presidency to his brother in 1952 and 1957 and installed JoaquÃ n Balaguer in 1960, he maintained de facto control over the island until 1961, using his secret police to infiltrate the population and rout out dissent using intimidation, torture, imprisonment, kidnapping and rape of women, and assassination. The Haitian Question One of Trujillos most well-known legacies was his racist attitudes toward Haiti and the Haitian sugarcane laborers who lived near the border. He stoked the historic Dominican prejudice against black Haitians, advocating a deafricanization of the nation and restoration of Catholic values (Knight, 225). Despite his own mixed race identity, and the fact that he himself had a Haitian grandparent, he projected the image of the Dominican Republic as a white, Hispanic society, a myth that persists to this day with bigoted, anti-Haitian legislation being passed as recently as 2013. A celebration in praise of President Rafael L. Trujillo Sr. The LIFE Picture Collection / Getty Images Trujillos anti-Haitian sentiment culminated in the murder of an estimated 20,000 Haitians in October 1937, when he traveled to the border and declared that the Haitian occupation of the border areas would no longer continue. He ordered all Haitians remaining in the area to be murdered on sight. This act provoked widespread condemnation across Latin America and the U.S. After an investigation, the Dominican government paid Haiti $525,000 for damages and injuries occasioned by what officially was termed frontier conflicts. (Moya Pons, 369). Trujillos Downfall and Death Dominican exiles opposed to the Trujillo regime carried out two failed invasions, one in 1949 and one in 1959. However, things shifted in the region once Fidel Castro succeeded in overthrowing Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista in 1959. In order to help the Dominicans overthrow Trujillo, Castro armed a military expedition in 1959 composed mostly of exiles but also some Cuban military commanders. The uprising failed, but the Cuban government continued urging Dominicans to revolt against Trujillo and this inspired more conspiracies. One widely publicized case was that of the three Mirabal sisters, whose husbands had been jailed for conspiring to overthrow Trujillo. The sisters were assassinated on November 25, 1960, provoking outrage. One of the decisive factors in Trujillos downfall was his attempt to assassinate Venezuelan President Romulo Betancourt in 1960 after discovering that the latter had participated years before in a conspiracy to oust him. When the assassination plot was revealed, the Organization of American States (OAS) severed diplomatic ties with Trujillo and imposed economic sanctions. Moreover, having learned its lesson with Batista in Cuba and recognizing that Trujillos corruption and repression had gone too far, the U.S. government withdrew its longstanding support of the dictator it had helped train. On May 30, 1961 and with the help of the CIA, Trujillos car was ambushed by seven assassins, some of whom were part of his armed forces, and the dictator was killed. 6/5/1961-Ciudad Trujillo, Dominican Republic-Newsmen view the car in which Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo was assasinated. The automobile contained about 60 bullet holes, and had blood stains on the back seat where Trujillo was seated. Late June 4th, Dominican authorities reported that two of the assassins had been killed in a gun battle with security police. Bettmann / Getty Images Legacy There was widespread rejoicing by Dominicans when they learned that Trujillo had died. Bandleader Antonio Morel released a merengue (the national music of the Dominican Republic) shortly after Trujillos death called Mataron al Chivo (They killed the goat); the goat was one of Trujillos nicknames. The song celebrated his death and declared May 30 a day of freedom. Many exiles returned to the island to tell stories of torture and imprisonment, and students marched to demand democratic elections. Juan Bosch, a populist reformer, who had been an early dissident during the Trujillo regime and who had gone into exile in 1937, was democratically elected in December 1962. Unfortunately his socialist-leaning presidency, focused on land reform, was at odds with U.S. interests and lasted less than a year; he was deposed by the military in September 1963. While authoritarian leaders like JoaquÃ n Balaguer have continued to hold power in the Dominican Republic, the country has maintained free and competitive elections and has not returned to the level of repression under the Trujillo dictatorship. Sources Gonzalez, Juan. Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America. New York: Viking Penguin, 2000.Knight, Franklin W. The Caribbean: The Genesis of a Fragmented Nationalism, 2nd edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.Moya Pons, Frank. The Dominican Republic: A National History. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1998.
Friday, May 15, 2020
The short story, Recitatif, by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Toni Morrison appeared in 1983 in Confirmation: An Anthology of African American Women. It is Morrisons only published short story, though excerpts of her novels have sometimes been published as stand-alone pieces in magazines. For instance, Sweetness, was excerpted from her 2015 novel God Help the Child. The two main characters of the story, Twyla, and Roberta, come from different races. One is black, the other white. Morrison allows us to see the intermittent conflicts between them, from the time theyre children to the time theyre adults. Some of those conflicts seem to be influenced by their racial differences, but interestingly, Morrison never identifies which girl is black and which is white. It can be tempting, at first, to read this story as a sort of brain teaser challenging us to determine the secret of each girls race. But to do so is to miss the point and to reduce a complex and powerful story into nothing more than a gimmick. Because if we dont know each characters race, were forced to consider other sources of the conflict between the characters, including, for example, socioeconomic differences and each girls lack of familial support. And to the extent that the conflicts do seem to involve race, they raise questions about how people perceive differences rather than suggesting anything intrinsic about one race or another. A Whole Other Race When she first arrives at the shelter, Twyla is disturbed by being moving to a strange place, but she is more disturbed by being placed with a girl from a whole other race. Her mother has taught her racist ideas, and those ideas seem to loom larger for her than the more serious aspects of her abandonment. But she and Roberta, it turns out, has a lot in common. Neither does well in school. They respect each others privacy and dont pry. Unlike the other state kids in the shelter, they dont have beautiful dead parents in the sky. Instead, theyve been dumped -- Twyla because her mother dances all night and Roberta because her mother is sick. Because of this, they are ostracized by all the other children, regardless of race. Other Sources of Conflict When Twyla sees that her roommate is from a whole other race, she says, My mother wouldnt like you putting me in here. So when Robertas mother refuses to meet Twylas mother, its easy to imagine her reaction as a comment on race as well. But Robertas mother is wearing a cross and carrying a Bible. Twylas mother, in contrast, is wearing tight slacks and an old fur jacket. Robertas mother might very well recognize her as a woman who dances all night. Roberta hates the shelter food, and when we see the generous lunch her mother packs, we can imagine that shes accustomed to better food at home. Twyla, on the other hand, loves the shelter food because her mothers idea of supper was popcorn and a can of Yoo-Hoo. Her mother packs no lunch at all, so they eat jellybeans from Twylas basket. So, while the two mothers may differ in their racial background, we can also conclude that they differ in their religious values, their morals, and their philosophy on parenting. Struggling with an illness, Robertas mother may be particularly appalled that Twylas healthy mother would squander a chance to take care of her daughter. All of these differences are perhaps more salient because Morrison refuses to give the reader any certainty regarding race. As young adults, when Robert and Twyla encounter each other at the Howard Johnsons, Roberta is glamorous in her skimpy make-up, big earrings, and heavy make-up that makes the big girls look like nuns. Twyla, on the other hand, is the opposite in her opaque stockings and shapeless hairnet. Years later, Roberta tries to excuse her behavior by blaming it on race. Oh, Twyla, she says, you know how it was in those days: black-white. You know how everything was. But Twyla remembers blacks and whites mixing freely at the Howard Johnsons during that time period. The real conflict with Roberta seems to come from the contrast between a small-town country waitress and a free spirit on her way to see Hendrix and determined to appear sophisticated. Finally, the gentrification of Newburgh highlights the characters class conflict. Their meeting comes in a new grocery store designed to capitalize on the recent influx of wealthy residents. Twyla is shopping there just to see, but Roberta is clearly part of the stores intended demographic. No Clear Black and White When racial strife comes to Newburgh over proposed bussing, it drives the biggest wedge yet between Twyla and Roberta. Roberta watches, immovable, as the protestors rock Twylas car. Gone are the old days, when Roberta and Twyla would reach for each other, pull each other up, and defend each other from the gar girls in the orchard. But the personal and the political become hopelessly entwined when Twyla insists on making protest posters that depend entirely on Robertas. AND SO DO CHILDREN, she writes, which makes sense only in light of Robertas sign, MOTHERS HAVE RIGHTS TOO! Finally, Twylas protests become painfully cruel and directed solely at Roberta. IS YOUR MOTHER WELL? her sign asks one day. Its a terrible jab at a state kid whose mother never recovered from her illness. Yet its also a reminder of the way Roberta snubbed Twyla at the Howard Johnsons, where Twyla inquired sincerely about Robertas mother, and Roberta cavalierly lied that her mother was fine. Was desegregation about race? Well, obviously. And is this story about race? Id say yes. But with the racial identifiers purposely indeterminate, readers have to reject Robertas oversimplified excuse that thats how everything was and dig a little deeper to the causes of conflict.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The ban of smoking on public beaches in America has increased since it started in the 1970s. This is a controversial issue as not all people agree on banning smoking on public beaches, mainly smokers. People that are strongly against smoking on public beaches tend to be parents and non-smokers alike. They find it absolutely unacceptable to smoke on public beaches as they see it as an unhealthy and a harmful habit, and do not want to be around it. Apart from disapproval of non smokers, there is other negative effects of smoking on public beaches. Therefore, smoking should not be allowed on public beaches. Leftover cigarettes pollute beaches and affect marine animals. Cigarette butts left and thrown onto the beaches by irresponsible and ignorant smokers make the beaches dirty and unattractive to people. This can have a lot of negative effects. One such example is that it is hard for the people to clean and dispose of cigarette leftovers, as they are small and more likely to be washed away into the water. Beach goers, families, and tourists are also affected as nobody wants to go on a polluted beach. There are already a lot of pollutants that contributes to the destruction of the beaches, such as oil spills, chemicals coming from factories, human wastes which are more prominent in less developed countries, and so on. Cigarettes are no exception to that, they not only makes the beaches unattractive to the people who go there, but they also have negative impacts on the marineShow MoreRelatedEnvironmental Tobacco Smoke Essay1084 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinternational beach cleaning every annu m. Smoking ban can benefit in several ways Ã¢â¬â from saving of lives, the prevention of disability, to a dramatic decline in health care costs Ã¢â¬â majority of which are carried by nonsmokers who otherwise are impelled to pay exaggerated health insurance premiums and higher taxes. The recently laid ban on smoking in outdoor areas, in the city, is a smart move. Support of smokers is truly much needed to make it successful. Smoking is extremely harmful to health of nonsmokersRead MoreSmokersÃ¢â¬â¢ Social Responsibility: Supporting Cigarette Ban in Outdoor Areas1011 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSmokersÃ¢â¬â¢ Social Responsibility: Supporting Cigarette Ban in Outdoor Areas Audience: Smokers in the city Genre: An article in local newspaper Results of many researches have proven that concentrations of tobacco smoke in outdoor areas possess the risk to individuals, kids and environment. Even cigarette butts are equally hazardous for environment and many creatures, especially in sea. Therefore, the recently laid ban on smoking in outdoor area in our city is a good move. However, the support ofRead MoreNo Smoking Bans In Colleges Essay1078 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNo Smoking Bans at College Smoking bans have become a new trend in colleges and universities. The effort is to making changes in the attitude and behavior of students to consider this habit as risky for a smoker, as well as the people around them and other environmental factors. Knowing the fact a growing concern is observed as harmful effects of second hand smoking are larger than that of first hand smoking. A smoke free campus policy will be a mere step in changing the trend of smoking and maintainingRead MoreShould Smoking Be Legal?1706 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSmoking tobacco has been in existence for thousands of years. For most of its existence smoking has been acceptable, tolerable, and permitted in our mainstream society. In recent years, smoking tobacco has been under scrutiny. Smoking bans have been introduced to restrict smokers from smoking in public and private places. For example, restaurants, bars, hotels, parks, and beaches throughout the United States have established the bans against public smoking. I discovered this has significance as itRead MoreThe Effects Of Cigarette Smoking On The Environment920 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCigarette smoking has affected the environment negatively, as well (Novotny). Discarded cigarette butts can be seen off the streets, sidewalks, beaches, or other open areas (Novotny). Even though a single discarded cigarette filter has minimal impact on t he environment, United States had manufactured 1.35 trillion of filtered cigarettes in 2007 and 360 billion of them were consumed (Novotny). According to Ocean ConservancyÃ¢â¬â¢s International Coastal Cleanup, these wastes are the most littered and collectedRead MoreSmoking Should Be Banned from All Public Areas 1106 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinto your lungs. Now look around yourself, and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll see someone smoking on the bench beside you. Smoking is the number one avoidable causes of death. Therefore, smoking should be banned from all public areas. The ban from smoking in public will help to reduce the smokers intake of cigarettes/chemicals, cigarettes themselves are a danger to the earth, some may argue that this ban may damage the cigarette economy, and that smoking does not only effect the smoker himself/herself, it effects everyoneRead MoreSmoking Bans1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1965, the first year the CDC started tracking that figure (Ã¢â¬Å"Trends in Current Cigarette Sm oking Among High School Students and Adults, United States, 1965Ã¢â¬â2014Ã¢â¬ cdc.gov). Smoking bans are partially to thank in addition to education efforts for the plummeting number of smokers in this country, however, smoking bans in public parks should have no part in the effort to end tobacco dependency. Smoking bans in US public parks should be illegal because it would be extremely difficult to enforce, it limitsRead MoreShould Smoking Be Public Spaces Should Be Allowed?1789 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesand at our restaurants. It is the war on smoking. Over the past several years the debate has been raised about whether or not smoking in public spaces should be allowed. Should a person be able to go anywhere in public and have the right to clean air? Is society infringing upon the rights of smokers? This social issue is more than just about health. This is a topic of great importance because of the implications of a ruling in favor or against smoking in public could have great i mplications to how ourRead MoreIts Time to Ban Smoking Essay1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesracing into your lungs. Now look around yourself, and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll see someone smoking on the bench beside you. Smoking is the number one avoidable causes of death. Therefore, smoking should be banned from all public areas. The ban from smoking in public will help to reduce the smokers intake of cigarettes/chemicals, cigarettes themselves are a danger to the earth, some may argue that this ban may damage the economy, and that smoking does not only effect the smoker himself/herself, it effects everyone aroundRead MoreCigarette Smoking around the World Essay1567 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmore than AIDS, alcohol, drugs, abuse, car accidents, murders, suicides, and fires COMBINED (Ã¢â¬Å"Cigarette SmokingÃ¢â¬ 2). Scary, isnt it? That even though cigarettes can cause that many deaths, people still smoke them? Cigarette smoking is a serious problem in the United States. Especially when it is done in pub lic. Public smoking should be banned because it is a hazard to the people around. Smoking comes with many problems. Not only for the smoker, but for the nonsmokers who are exposed to the smoke
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Critically evaluate the effectiveness of different types of leaders for developing and implementing a strategy for sustainability? Answer: Introduction: Every company is headed by an effective board that controls and governance the systems within the company. This paper explains the importance of leaders and their strategic roles on sustainability. So to understand the strategies took by leaders we have to understand what do we mean by leaders and their strategies and sustainability from a leadership perspective. It is an important job of a leader to develop and implement strategies as it help to bring sustainability into the system (Harris, 2013). They can create corporate social responsibility in the system. A successful leader is one who tries to engage people in their works and build relationships in between them. So there is a difference between leaders and managers. To understand the different types of leaders, we must have the ability to differentiate the roles played by them. Leaders: It is necessary to understand the role of leaders and who they are. The job of a leader is to influence others towards the achievement of their goals. They must be able to communicate with others employees of that firm and must have clear knowledge about themselves and others members of that team. There is a difference between managers and leaders (Metcalf and Benn, 2013). There are subordinates under managers, but leaders do not have subordinates but followers. These managers generate power circles where as leaders generates influence circles. Managers have a duty to control a group to achieve the goal, but leaders try to motivate workers and enable them to contribute towards the success of the organization. So it is the power and control that separate managers from leaders. So, managers, have innovative ideas and leaders have jobs to implement them to achieve their goals. Managers control groups and leaders have the duty to generate teams and influence them towards their goals (Huis et al. 2013). Leadership theories: We always create or set our different strategies to achieve our goals and this strategy is called personal technologies that are termed as styles in this leadership model. This model explains three types of styles and these are direct styles, relational style and instrumental style. So persons who like direct style, do their task individually and directly, their concentration is on power and competition. Within this style, three styles are competitive, power and intrinsic. People who are self-motivated emphasise on this set. Persons who like to help others to achieve their goals and work with them prefer the relational style. They like to share responsibilities and rewards with others and support people in their groups (Bhansing, Leenders and Wijnberg, 2012). The people, who consider themselves and other team members as instruments for achieving mutual goals, like an instrumental set. They use other instruments to attract others support to do the work and get their goals. The people rarely depend on one particular style to complete their tasks. There are three styles of each style. They use other instruments to attract others to join with them and achieve goals. Figure- Achievable Styles Different types of Leadership: The relationship between two leaders depends on the different types of exchanges between them; the state of a relationship depends on the extent of exchanges in between them. And depending on this exchange, various leaderships can be defined Transactional Leader: These types of leaders always motivate their subordinates and reward them for good performance. They motivate and influence them by using incentives. These leaders deal with present issues and depend on suitable forms of punishment and rewards (Harris, 2013). Transformational Leadership: The transformational leader always stays focused on motivation, team management. They work with an employee at various stages of an institution to accept changes that give best results. Their job is to generate opportunities of learning for followers and indulge them to work beyond their self-interest (Lukes and Stephan, 2012). Leadership and sustainability: In several crucial ways, sustainability is different and should not be treated like other corporate initiatives. However, it includes three diverse phases that requires different leadership skills. Phase 1: Initiating the Change Case: The reactivity of the organization mostly related to the challenge of sustainability. It is usually not aware of the opportunities. On the other hand during transiting from unconscious to cognisant reactivity, the leader must be an expert at influencing others (Hill et al. 2012). Phase 2: Transforming Vision into Action: During the emergence of companies from Phase 1, the prime competence in aligning value creation and sustainability initiatives is customer orientation. Furthermore, the task has to be translated to comprehensive change program from high level commitments with clearly set initiatives and achievable targets. Phase 3: Expansion of the boundaries: Commercial orientation is continuously required but it matched by a tough strategic orientation. The firm increasingly projects sustainability as a strategic opportunity if the organization increases the level of performance and leverages sustainability for establishing competitive advantage (Jameson, 2013). How leadership can help a business act sustainably: Leadership can help a business act sustainably by the following steps: 1. Creating integrated and smart public policy It is not easy to build better public policy on environmental issues. However, the uncertainty developed by governments failure to act increases companies existing planning challenges. 2. Engaging the members related to value chain, also composing NGO partners and industry. Good alliance would be helpful in accelerating pace of sustainability in establishing productive value chain. 3. Building a acceptable dialog on conscientious consumption. Companies can do perform superiorly by gaining immense support from the consumers (Griffin and Hu, 2013). What is CSR? How does CSR help a business act sustainably? CSR denotes corporate social responsibility. Corporations should act in a way that enhances society and should be held accountable for its actions that affect people. As per the study of MIT, 2011, it was shown that sustainability plays effective hand in almost 70% of corporate agenda in the US (Spicker, 2012). Unilever was able to attain this growth by being conducting their business as a responsible, sustainable one. As a result of that, they were able to accumulate and money including, energy, packaging, etc., building customer base and fostered innovation. On the other hand, it can also be mentioned that not only big enterprise engaged themselves in CSR activities but also there are many small and medium sized firms operate their business in sustainable way to gain long term benefit (Metcalf and Benn, 2013). Even if the Corporate Governance is good, it is still important that there is a strategy for sustainability and leadership for it. Why? Building strong and effective alliance between the stakeholders and firms the important requirement of good corporate governance. Compliance is not the only thing which is demanded from good governance. Culture and climate are involved in corporate governance. The CRAFTED principles of governance consists Consistency, Responsibility, Accountability, Fairness, Transparency, and Effectiveness which are implemented throughout the organization (Huis et al. 2013). The Boards must provide strategic guidance in order to ensure sustainable improvements in corporate valuations. The firms would be able attain their targets on a continued basis if senior management of the firm behave as a role model for implementing the principles of governance. The quality of decisions and management is influenced by the topics such as members of the boards, schedule and different processes for decision-making, etc. It would help in achieving sustainability in performance and leading a better team. Conclusion: Boards should be concentrating not only on the results of business but also on the way and technique of obtaining results. On the other hand, taking excessive risk could sometimes result in better performance. An open and transparent culture is required in the elaborate evaluation of management proposals, where employees of the organisations could be stimulated and encouraged to make correct assumptions and evaluate the possible alternatives for the betterment of the business and staffs. Corporate social responsibility should be aligned with corporate governance to execute the company operations. It is the CSR which acts as the basis for good corporate governance. References Bhansing, P. V., Leenders, M. A., and Wijnberg, N. M. (2012). Performance effects of cognitive heterogeneity in dual leadership structures in the arts: The role of selection system orientations.European Management Journal,30(6), 523-534. Griffin, M. A., and Hu, X. (2013). How leaders differentially motivate safety compliance and safety participation: the role of monitoring, inspiring, and learning.Safety science,60, 196-202. Harris, A. (2013). Distributed Leadership Friend or Foe?.Educational Management Administration and Leadership,41(5), 545-554. Harris, A. (2013).Distributed school leadership: Developing tomorrow's leaders. Routledge. Hill, R., Dunford, J., Parish, N., Rea, S., and Sandals, L. (2012). The growth of academy chains: implications for leaders and leadership. Huis, A., Schoonhoven, L., Grol, R., Donders, R., Hulscher, M., and van Achterberg, T. (2013). Impact of a team and leaders-directed strategy to improve nurses adherence to hand hygiene guidelines: a cluster randomised trial.International journal of nursing studies,50(4), 464-474. Jameson, J. (2013).Leadership in post-compulsory education: inspiring leaders of the future. Routledge. Lukes, M., and Stephan, U. (2012). Nonprofit leaders and for-profit entrepreneurs: Similar people with different motivation.Ceskoslovenska psychologie,56(1), 41-55. Metcalf, L., and Benn, S. (2013). Leadership for sustainability: An evolution of leadership ability.Journal of Business Ethics,112(3), 369-384. Spicker, P. (2012). Leadership: A perniciously vague concept.International Journal of Public Sector Management,25(1), 34-47.